Mongolia, a land of vast steppes, rugged mountains, and nomadic culture, offers a wide range of experiences for adventurous travelers. Here are the top 20 things to do in Mongolia:

  1. Explore the capital city, Ulaanbaatar, and visit attractions such as the Gandan Monastery and the National Museum of Mongolia.
  2. Experience the nomadic lifestyle by staying with a local family in a traditional ger (yurt) and learning about their customs and traditions.
  3. Visit the famous Genghis Khan Statue Complex, located near Ulaanbaatar, and learn about the legendary Mongolian leader.
  4. Explore the vast Gobi Desert, known for its unique landscapes, sand dunes, and the famous Flaming Cliffs (Bayanzag).
  5. Take a horseback riding tour across the Mongolian steppes and experience the freedom of riding through the vast open spaces.
  6. Visit the picturesque Khuvsgul Lake, often called the “Blue Pearl of Mongolia,” and enjoy activities such as boating, fishing, and hiking.
  7. Discover the ancient capital of the Mongol Empire, Karakorum, and visit the ruins of the Erdene Zuu Monastery and the Karakorum Museum.
  8. Experience the Naadam Festival, Mongolia’s biggest traditional festival, featuring the “Three Manly Games” of wrestling, horse racing, and archery.
  9. Explore the beautiful Terelj National Park, located near Ulaanbaatar, and enjoy hiking, rock climbing, and camping amidst stunning natural scenery.
  10. Visit the Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and explore ancient archaeological sites, including the Tuvkhun Monastery.
  11. Go on a wildlife safari in Hustai National Park and spot the world-famous Przewalski’s horse, also known as the takhi or Mongolian wild horse.
  12. Take a camel trek in the Gobi Desert and experience the traditional mode of transport used by nomads in the region.
  13. Explore the Khustain Nuruu National Park and observe the native flora and fauna, including the endangered Mongolian wild ass (khulan).
  14. Visit the picturesque Tsenkher Hot Springs and relax in the warm mineral-rich waters surrounded by beautiful landscapes.
  15. Experience the traditional Mongolian cuisine, including dishes like khorkhog (slow-cooked meat with vegetables) and buuz (steamed dumplings).
  16. Attend a traditional Mongolian cultural performance showcasing throat singing, traditional music, and traditional dances.
  17. Explore the Altai Mountains and go hiking, mountaineering, or trekking in one of the most remote and beautiful regions of Mongolia.
  18. Visit the Khorgo-Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur National Park and hike up to the volcanic crater of Khorgo Mountain and enjoy the views of the pristine Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake.
  19. Explore the ancient Petroglyphs at the UNESCO World Heritage Site of the Tamgaly Rock Art Complex, featuring thousands of rock carvings.
  20. Participate in a traditional Mongolian eagle hunting demonstration and witness the bond between the eagle hunters and their majestic birds.

Mongolia, officially known as the Mongolian People’s Republic, is a landlocked country located in East Asia. Known as the “Land of the Blue Sky” due to its vast open landscapes and clear skies, Mongolia is a land of rich history, nomadic traditions, and stunning natural beauty.

Covering an expansive area, Mongolia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world, with the majority of its population residing in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar. The country is famous for its wide-open steppes, rugged mountains, and the Gobi Desert, which stretches across its southern regions. These diverse landscapes offer breathtaking scenery, ranging from rolling grasslands dotted with nomadic herders and their traditional yurts (ger) to towering mountain peaks and dramatic canyons.

Mongolia has a unique cultural heritage deeply rooted in its nomadic traditions and the history of the Mongol Empire, which at its peak in the 13th century, was the largest contiguous empire in history, stretching from Eastern Europe to Asia. The legacy of Genghis Khan, the founder of the Mongol Empire, is still celebrated today, and visitors can explore historical sites such as Erdene Zuu Monastery and the ancient capital of Karakorum to learn about this fascinating era.

The nomadic way of life is an integral part of Mongolian culture. Traditional nomads still roam the vast grasslands, herding their livestock and living in portable dwellings called gers. Visitors to Mongolia can experience the hospitality and warmth of nomadic families, learning about their customs, horseback riding across the steppes, and participating in traditional activities such as archery and traditional wrestling.

Mongolia is also known for its rich natural resources and diverse wildlife. The country is home to several national parks and nature reserves, such as Terelj National Park and Khustain Nuruu National Park, where visitors can spot endangered species like the Przewalski’s horse and the elusive snow leopard. The Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape, a UNESCO World Heritage site, offers a glimpse into Mongolia’s nomadic past with its ancient petroglyphs and archaeological remains.

The Naadam Festival, held annually in July, is Mongolia’s most significant cultural event. This festival showcases the “Three Manly Games” of wrestling, horse racing, and archery, which are deeply rooted in Mongolian tradition and embody the skills necessary for nomadic life. Visitors can witness the exhilarating horse races across the steppe, watch the intense wrestling matches, and admire the precision of the archers.

Ulaanbaatar, the capital city of Mongolia, is a vibrant and modern metropolis that contrasts with the rural landscapes of the countryside. It offers a mix of traditional and contemporary attractions, including the Gandan Monastery, the National Museum of Mongolia, and the Sukhbaatar Square, where the statue of Genghis Khan stands proudly. The city also offers a taste of Mongolia’s arts and culture, with theaters, art galleries, and traditional music performances.

Mongolian cuisine reflects the nomadic lifestyle and is centered around meat and dairy products, with staples such as buuz (steamed dumplings), khuushuur (fried meat pies), and airag (fermented mare’s milk). Visitors can savor these traditional dishes and experience the hospitality of Mongolian families who often welcome guests with a warm and hearty meal.

In recent years, Mongolia has been emerging as an adventure travel destination, attracting travelers seeking off-the-beaten-path experiences. From trekking in the Altai Mountains to horseback riding through the steppe, there are plenty of opportunities for outdoor adventures and immersing oneself in the unspoiled natural beauty of the country.

In summary, Mongolia is a captivating country that offers a unique blend of nomadic traditions, stunning landscapes, and a rich cultural heritage. Its vast steppes, towering mountains, and ancient historical sites provide a sense of adventure and discovery for those who venture into its wild beauty. Whether exploring the nomadic way of life, delving into the history of the Mongol Empire, or immersing oneself in the untouched natural landscapes, Mongolia promises an unforgettable and enriching travel experience.